What are idioms? 10

What are idioms?

Idioms & meaning

Idioms are expressions which have the meaning that is not obvious from the individual words. For example, the idiom drive somebody round the bend means make somebody angry or frustrated, but we cannot know this by looking at the words.

The best way to understand an idiom is to see it in context. If someone says:

  • This tin opener’s driving me round the bend! I think I’ll throw it away and get a new one next time I’m in town.

Then the context and the comma sense tells us that drive round the bend means something different from driving a car round a curve in the road. The context tells us the tin opener is not working properly and that its having an effect on the person using it.

Types of idioms

  1. verb + object/complement(and /or adverbial)

Example: kill two birds with one stone

Meaning: produce two useful result by just doing one action

2. prepositional phrase

    Example: in the blink of an eye

    Meaning: in an extremely short time

    3. compound

      Example: a bone of contention

      Meaning: something which people argue and disagree over

      4. simile (as + adjective + as, or like + noun)

        Example: as dry as a bone

        Meaning: very dry indeed

        5. binomial (word + and + word)

          Example: rough and ready

          Meaning: crude and lack of sophistication

          6. trinomial (word + word + and + word)

            Example: cool, calm and collected

            Meaning: relaxed in control, not nervous

            7. whole clause or sentence

              Example: to cut a long story short

              Meaning: to tell the main points, but not all the fine details


              10 thoughts on “What are idioms?

              1. Speaking English May 9,2010 1:39 am

                Well explained, but I think there’s a mistake in your sentence :
                “Then the context and the comma sense tells us that drive round the…”
                It should be like this “Then the context and the comma sense TELL us that drive round the..”

              2. rose u. bautista Aug 8,2011 12:26 pm

                putang ina mo jamaica barbosa papatayain kait wag kang lalabas ng bahay pati pamilya mo dadamay ko tatandaan mo yan kakilala ako ni rejoce tandaan mo yan ha 👿 dapat matakot kana jamaica barbosa nakikita kit lagi sa school lagi lagi tatandaan mo yan

              3. rose u. bautisya Aug 9,2011 12:51 pm

                jamaica papatayin kita wag kang mag aangas sa room nyo at wag kang mang aaway ha kung may mag sosory sayo dapat mong papatawarin ha kung hindi lagot ka sa akin kahitt kay rowena lagot na rin siya sa akin talaga 👿 👿 👿 😡 😡

              4. jamaica barbosa Aug 9,2011 1:16 pm

                baliw!!! takutin mu pa aq kala mu susumbong kta sa pulis tandaan mu yan baliw kana 😯 dalhin kta sa mental ewan ko kung kailan baliw wag mu aq tatakutin ng ganyan 😈 😯

              5. jamaica barbosa Aug 9,2011 1:18 pm

                joke lng ha!! haha !! 😛 😛 hahaha joke ha!! chaka bk8 kb nagalit skin hndi nman kita kilala ahh wla aqong klalang ganyan na pangalan mu ha

              6. jamaica barbosa Aug 9,2011 1:20 pm

                joke lng ha !! mag commment ka din d2 bkas hintay ko ha !!! wag muna aq aawayin dhil hndi nman aq naghahanap ng away sau kung cno ka man magbago kna sorry ha !! wla tlga aqong kilalang rose u. baustista e :mrgreen:

              7. Becca May 1,2012 4:04 am

                thxxxxxx i wanna giv a special tanks 2 my boyfriend tim 4 leading me 2 tis website! thx time! luv u man! 😉
                😳 shouldn’t have said his name.
                o well

              8. camille Aug 2,2012 2:27 pm

                weeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh ➡ 8) 😳 😳 😈

              9. hyshene Oct 16,2012 5:04 am

                hahaixt………………… npka happy ko nman ……………………………>:}]]]]]] xhre lng poh……….<":{[

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