There are many words in English which have close meanings to each other and its always hard (specially for non-native English learners) to recognize and choose when to use them. Here are some definitions & differences about some mysterious words that are so similar.
to see vs. to watch:
To see means to be aware of what is around you by using your eyes.
- For example:”I can see the smoke from here.”
To watch means to look at something for a period of time,especially Something that is changing or moving.
- For example:”I watched the cricket.”
Note: We watch things that move,such as TV,a film,sport. We look
At static things,such as a photograph,a painting,the stars.
Shortage vs. shortness:
Shortage is a noun meaning when there is not enough of something.
- For example:”There is a shortage of skilled workers in the industry.”
Shortness is also a noun meaning the condition of being short spatially.
- For example:”Shortness in children and young adults nearly always
Results from below-average growth in childhood.”
so vs. such:
So when used as in front of an adjective or an adverbs means very.
- For example:”My English teacher is so patient.She teaches us so well.”
Such when used as a determiner can be used before a noun to show extremes,you can not use it before adverb.
- For example:”She is such a patient teacher.”
Note: Remember that without the noun you need to use “so.”
Such + a + patient + teacher + so + patient
Stationary vs. stationery:
Stationary means standing still or not moving.
- For example:”The car was stationary.”
Stationery means the items needed for writing ,such as paper, Pens,pencils and envelopes.
- For example:”It is the secretary’s job to order the stationery.”
Who (or whom) is a pronoun,and is used as the subject or object of a verb to show which person you are referring to,or to add information about a person just mentioned. It is used for people,
Which is a pronoun ,and is used as the subject or object of a verb to show what thing or things you are referring to,or to add information about the thing just mentioned. It is used for things not people.
That is a pronoun ,and is used as the subject or object of a verb to show which person or thing you are referring to,or to add information about a person or thing just mentioned.It can be used for people and things. It can sometimes be omitted.
- The girl who was hungry.
- The boy whom I talked to.
- The dog that wagged its tail.
- The software(that)I WROTE.
- The company which/that hired me.