Habitual behavior in the present
- A. The present simple is used for habitual actions or permanent situations in the present.
Example: ” I go for a run twice a week.”
” She lives near the station.”
- B. Frequency adverbs are used to indicate how often an action occurs. They are usually placed:
1. Before the main verb:
Example: I always go to bed before midnight.
2. After the verb to be or an auxiliary verb:
Example: She is very often late for work.
They have rarely been seen together.
3. usually, normally, frequently, sometimes, (very/quite) often and occasionally can also be placed at the beginning of the sentence or clause:
Example: Occasionally we go out to the cinema, but usually we stay in and watch a video.
NOTE: always, rarely, seldom, hardly ever, and never can not be used in the same way.
1. The present continuous + always is used to talk about things which occur frequently and which the speaker finds annoying:
Example: He is always complaining about something!
2. Adjectives can be used as an alternative to rarely, normally and (not) usually.
Example:It is rare/normal/(un)usual for him to eat meat.
3. Tend to + infinitive is used to make general statements about the habitual actions and situations of groups of people or individuals.
Example: British people tend to drink tea rather than coffee.
I tend not to get up very early on Sundays.
4. Will + infinitive is used to talk about habitual behavior. Frequency adverbs can also be added.
Example:She will sometimes spend the whole day reading.
5. Keep (on) + general used to talk about repeated actions, often annoying ones.
Example: Peter keeps on hitting me.