Prefixes (Part 1) 1

Prefix is a word that comes at the beginning of nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs and gives different meanings to these words. There are lots of prefixes, such as prefixes that make an adjective negative or positive and so on. I’m going to introduce you some of these prefixes in this article.

OVER

Using the prefix over at the beginning of some words (verb, noun, adjective), gives the below meanings to that word.

“too”,”excessively”,”over”,”beyond”

Here are some examples:

Root Result Meaning
Act (v)

Overact (v)

to act in a play with too much emotion and movement

Active (adj)

Overactive (adj)

too active in a way that produces bad results.

Age (n)

Over-age (adj)

too old for a particular purpose or activity

Hear (v)

Overhear (v)

too hear what other people are saying accidentally.

Sleep (v):

Oversleep (v)

to sleep longer than you intended.

Stay (v):

Overstay (v)

to stay somewhere longer than you are allowed to

State (v):

Overstate (v)

to talk about sth in a way that makes it seem more Important than it really is.

Reaction (n) Overreaction (n) to react strongly
Staffed Overstaffed (adj) an overstaffed company has more workers than it needs.
pay (v) Overpay (v) to pay sb more money than they reserved
much (adj) Overmuch (adj) very much

.

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UNDER

Prefix under gives the opposite meaning of over to the words. Under means:

“beneath”,”lower”,”insufficient”

Here are some examples:

Word Meaning
Underdeveloped (adj) to have low standard of living.
Underpaid (adj) not pay enough money for work sb does.
Undermine (v) to gradually make sb less strong or effective.
Undersold (adj) to sell goods with lower price than other company.
Underwrite (v) to support an activity with money and take the responsibility if it fails.

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