How & Where to Use Comparatives & Superlatives?

It is a grammatical text which explains how should we use comparatives & superlatives. Also it explain where  we can use them in different situations.

1. To talk about people or things that are different in some way we use :

  • A. Comparatives forms of adjectives/adverbs + than.

Ex: I think listing is more difficult than reading.

NOTE: For small differences use: a bit, a little, slightly

Ex: You need to work a little harder.

NOTE: For big differences use: much, a lot, far, significantly

Ex: My new car’s much faster than my old one.

  • B. Superlative forms of adjectives / adverbs :

Ex: That’s the nicest thing you’ve said to me all day.

NOTE: To emphasize the differences between one person or thing prom all the others we can use by far.

Ex: This is by far the best book I’ve ever read.

  • C. Less … than and the least.

Ex: Rugby is less popular than football here.

Ex: That’s my least favorite track on the album.

2. As … as

  • A. For people or things that are the same in some way

we use as + adjective / adverb + as

Ex: She’s as intelligent as her sister.

NOTE: To qualify the comparisons use : almost. Nearly, just, twice, three times, etc

Ex: There were nearly twice as many people at the party as last year.

  • B. So can replace the first as in negative sentences

Ex: It’s not so difficult as I thought it would be.

NOTE: To qualify negative sentences of this type use : quite, nearly

Ex: Her new film isn’t nearly as bad as her last one.

( = her new film is much better than her last one )

Ex: He’s not quite so impatient as his brother.

( = he’s a little more patient than his brother )

  • C. The same + noun + as

Ex: My mum’s the same age as my dad.

3. The + comparative, the + comparative

NOTE: We use this structure for things which occur  together.

Ex: The more money I have, the faster I spend it.

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