Simple Future Tense
Let’s study The Simple Future Tense Now. Here, in this post we have provide you a simple but complete and easy explanation about Simple Future Tense.
The simple future tense expresses the actions happen at one particular time in the future.
- It will snow tomorrow.
- I shall watch TV tonight.
The Simple Future tense
Subject + WILL / SHALL +VERB (infinitive)
The use of “shall” with I or we to express future time is possible uncommon in American English. Shall is used more frequently in British English than in American English.
- Keth will have a look at this one tonight.
- I will come to your house.
Simple Future tense: WILL and BE GOING TO
WILL or BE GOING TO is used to express future time. In spoken English, going to is often pronounced “gonna.”
- Lim will finish his work tomorrow.
- Lim is going to finish his work tomorrow.
- Mei will not be here tomorrow.
- Mei won’t be tomorrow.
NOTE:WILL NOT = WON’T
WILL vs. BE GOING TO
To express a prediction use either “WILL” or “Be GOING TO”:
- According to the weather report, it will be cloudy tomorrow.
- According to the weather report, it is going to be cloudy tomorrow.
- Be careful! You‘ll hurt yourself!
- Watch out! You‘re going to hurt yourself. when the speaker is making a prediction (a statement about something s/he thinks will be true or will occur in the future), either will or be going to is possible.
There is no difference in meaning between NO (1) and (2) , there is no difference in meaning between NO (3) and (4).
To express a PRIOR Plan: use only BE GOING TO
1. A: Why did you buy thid paint?
B: I‘m going to paint my bedroom tomorrow.
2. I talked to Bob yesterday. He is tired of taking the bus to work. He’s going to buy a car. That’s what he told me.
When the speaker is expressing a prior plan ( something the speaker intends to do in the future because in the past s/he has made a plan or decision to do it ), only be going to is used.
In these case, Will is not appropreate.
To express WILLINGNESS: use only WILL
1. A: The phone’s ringing.
B: I‘ll get it.
2. A: I don’t understand this problem.
B: Ask your teacher about it. She‘ll help you.
In example (1) : speaker “B” is saying “I’m willing. I am happy to get the phone.” He is not making a prediction. He has made no prior plan to answer the phone. He is , instead, volunteering to answer the phone and uses will to show his willingness.
Example (2) : Speaker “B” feels sure about the teacher’s willingness to help. “Be going to” is not appropriate in those two examples.